п»їThe pre-Socratic philosophers




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Milesian- Ionia


The condensation and rarefaction of air.

The soul is air. Hold us with each other

So atmosphere Encompass's the earth

Similar to Thales because he believed there's a real source for everything Anaximander



(Primal matrix)

Believed our society was a large number of worlds that evolved and dissolved in to something unlimited or boundless The primary elements neither drinking water nor some other so called factor, but a nature not the same as them and infinite Modern of Thales

Thales declares, without good reason that water may be the cause of all things, Anaximander endeavors to answer the question of how the world developed out of your primary component. Pythagoras



-Numbers combine and make issues

-Transmigration of soul bring about soul traditions

- Spirit culture in favour of purifying the soul through things such as seeing silence, music and employing math. - Soul rule order and life in body.

-Soul was real person

-Soul is harmony

-Contradicted Zeno because he stated that points on a line could be measured. Heraclitus


Open fire

Everything is in a constant point out of flux

Nature & Human condition are connected.

Soul while fiery in nature which can be generated away of various other substances as fire is usually, has limited dimensions. Drunkenness causes it to be most. Virtuous existence keeps this dry & intelligent -Disagreed with Parmenides because of change.




Change is extremely hard. Nothing can be what it previously is.

-Disagreed with Heraclitus




Transform is an illusion

Parmenides had decreased becoming to non-being and to illusion. Attemptedto prove exactly what exactly (Connection to others) is becoming.





4 components: Earth, Air flow, Water, Flames.

Love and Strife

Becoming is not born nor does it expire.

It is everlasting.

Root of things

Like Parmenides he admits that staying is certainly not born neither does it expire because it is endless. Unlike Parmenides he says that being can be quadruple.




Soul atoms

Breaks up the being of Parmenides into an infinity of contaminants, each of them indivisible. Called them atoms




Ice, rock and roll, wood, air

Water changes to liquid, sound, and vapors

Water maintains identity through all the changes of systems.

Contemporary of Anaximander

Acquired underlying urstoff just as Anaximenes.


Nous-memes (mind, intelligence)

Quality of particles over another accounts for00 the qualitative difference of things Nous

Parmenides' staying is made up of thousands of particles, homogeneous but quantitatively diverse.


Ensemble - the earth or world regarded as a great orderly, harmonious system

Turmoil - a situation of utter confusion or disorder; an overall total lack of firm or buy

Logos - the Greek phrase for " reason”

Pantheism - a theory that says a supreme being is almost everywhere and that every thing in the whole world contains the heart of this staying

Atheism - a theory that rejects thinking about the existence of a supreme getting

Cosmology - realization drawn from, and study of, contingent information about the world or universe

Paradox -- a statement or perhaps proposition that seems self-contradictory or silly but in actuality expresses any truth

Monism - a metaphysical theory that says that truth consists of one all-encompassing issue that all particular things are expressions of this a very important factor

Materialism - a metaphysical theory, developed by the Pre-Socratic philosophers, that says that every thing, including a person's thoughts, awareness, and individuality, is composed of matter

Primal Matrix – also known as the indeterminate. Containing inside itself every one of the known elements. The Matrix is quantitatively unlimited. It really is sometimes referred to as " the boundless” or " unlimited”.

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